Conventional cotton plantation covers around 2% of the earths’ cultivation lands and on the contrary 16% of the worlds insecticides are used, more than any other single major crop. Chemicals used in the processing of cotton also pollute the air and the surface waters; contributing to decreased biodiversity and shifting equlibrium of ecosystems.
Organic cotton fiber has the lowest carbon footprint among the most used yarns in the industry. 3,75 Kg of CO2 /Ton is relased in the fiber production, where as 5,89 Kg is relased for conventional cotton and 9,52 Kg is relased for the production of polyester yarn. Also cotton production has the lowest energy usage regarding other yarns used mostly for the woven fabrics. 55 MJ is used for the production of a kg of fiber of cotton where as, 63 MJ for wool, 100 MJ for viscose, 125 MJ for polyester, 175 MJ for acrylic and 250 MJ for nylon. Water usage is another problem to be solved for the sustainability regarding the textile industry. Cotton cultivation is far more the most water consumer of the conventional yarns used within the industry. On the other hand, organic cotton cultivation uses 90% less blue water than conventional cotton.
We can summarize by numbers that; organic cotton reduces global warming by 50%, acidification of land by 70%, over fertilization by 25%, water consumption by 90% and energy use by 60% regarding conventional cotton.
Organic cotton, grown on the fertile lands of Aegean and Southeast parts of Turkey, from non genetically modified plants without the use of any synthetic agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides are spun into yarns to be used in our ekoSNT fabrics.